Calculations using mole
If question tells you about mass of grams
or asks for mass or grams
If question tells you about concentration or mol/l
or asks for concentration or mol/l
Volume will also be mentioned.
mass given in question
if answer is a mass..
Mass of 1 mole
gram formula mass
number of mole
number of mole
volume in litre
cm3 divided by 1000 = litres
ml divided by 1000 = litres
1. Calculate the mass mole of SO2 .
2. Calculate the mass of 2.5 mole of NH3 ..
3. How many mole are there in 38.5g of CCl4
Questions 1 to 3 only use triangle 1. Mass or grams are mentioned. Concentration is not.
1. Triangle not needed. Just calcualte mass of one mole from the formula
SO2 has 1 x S at 32 = 32
2 x O at 16 = 32
64 ans = 64g
2. Use triangle You have both bottom parts so answer will be a multiplication.
number of mole x mass of 1 mole
2.5 x mass 1 mole NH3 1 x N at 14 = 14
3 x H at 1 = 3
calculation number of mole x mass of 1 mole
2.5 x 17
3. You have top and bottom right of triangle so this will be a division.
mass in question/answer
mass 1 mole 1 mole CCl4 is 1 x C at 12 = 12
4 x Cl at 35.5 = 142
calculation mass in question/answer
mass 1 mole
= 0.25 mole
4. Calculate the number of mole in a 50ml solution of 0.1 mol/l socium hydroxide.
5. Calculate the concentration of a 100ml of solution which contains 0.25 mole hydrochlric acid .
6. What would be the volume of solutiion if 0.2 mole silver nitrate was used to make a solution of concentration 0.5 mol/l ?
Triangle TWO is used
Q4 has the unit of concentration - mol/l
Q5 has the word concentration
Q6 has the word concentration - calculating volume is seldom asked question
4. Asked about top of triangle; given both bottom parts - therefore this is a multiplication.
calculation mole = concentration x litres
= 0.1 x 50 ml (divide by 1000 to get litres)
= 0.1 x 0.05
= 0.005 mole
5. Given volume (from bottom of triange) and number of mole (from top) - therefore a division
change volume to litres = 100 = 0.1 litre
calculation concentration = number of mole
= 0.25 ans = 0.025 mol/l
6. Given concentration (from bottom of triange) and number of mole (from top) - therefore a division
calculation volume in litres = number of mole
= 0.2 ans = 0.4
In questions not involving mass (or grams) such as questions 4 to 6 there is no need to know the formula of the chemical.
Formulae are only required if mass needs to be calculated.
For questions involving CONCENTRATION and MASS -that is, using both triangles click here.